Under the title "Islam: Religion or State? "The Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy, on Friday, November 27, 2020, held a distance lecture by Islamic Thinking Professor Mohamed Al Goumani, the lecture was supervised by the Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy Vice president Salahuddin Al Jurshi.
The lecture was broadcast through the Zoom webinar app and the center's official Facebook page in which lasted about an hour and a half where many contributors interact.
Islam is a religion or a state ?
In his response to the lecture's problem, Islamic professor Mohamed Al-Qaouani considered Islam a religion, not a state.
In this regard, Al-Goumani clarified that Islam as a religion belongs to the ancient religion of human history, and it exists in the existence of humans. Human civilization is not without the existence of a religion of a formula, whereas the state later appeared in the history of mankind, and therefore religion cannot be equal to the state, according to him.
The first problem in the relationship between religion and the state is the concept of religion. The lexicon did not help to get out easily of this dualism. There are many concepts of religion (the religion of prophets, the religion of kings, the religion of the poor, the religion of the rich, the divine, the religions of the status) and the different concepts of Islam (the religion of prophets and Muhammad the seal of messengers, doctrine, law, civilization) and others.
The dialectics of Islam and secularism in Arab Islamic belief
Professor Mohamed Al-Goumani pointed to the debate between Islam and secularism in Arab Islamic societies and the polarization caused by these movements. He added that secularism also did not end the debate on religion and its relation to the state and politics.
He demonstrated that our Arab and Islamic societies started to struggle with many Arab intellectuals, especially Christians, who called for a complete separation between religion and the state, and that is why the Muslim Brotherhood was created as a reaction against this practice, which wants to exclude religion from society completely, and this conflict continues until our contemporary history.
Al-Qaoumani confirmed that the issue of Islam and secularization has tired Arab-Islamic thought, "because we were not able to impose full secularization or complete Islamization."
According to his assessment, the reality is that Islam and the state cannot be separated and there is a need for distinction, expressing that they cannot be completely separated or confused.
Discussion and Outputs :
The lecture lasted about an hour and a half, and Mr. Mohamed Al-Qaouani gave his lecture during the first half of the session, while the rest of the time was dedicated to asking the questions of the participants.
Participants from Tunisia and other Arab countries like Iraq joined in the discussion.
Some speakers stressed that the conflict between the civil state and Islam is a fabricated problem, and Islam does not prohibit democracy, while others considered religion the essence of community life
One of the contributors said that Islam has two parts: The hole and the transaction divide, and the modern state does not oppose the principle of religiosity of anyone, and anyone can engage in democracy.
The lecture ended with the following outputs:
- Islam is a religion, not a state.
- The concepts are the biggest problems between religion (Islam) and the state.
- The dialectics of secularization and Islamization is ongoing and current.
- Religion and the state cannot be separated, nor can they be completely united.
- The conflict between the civil state and Islam is a fabricated problem
- Islam does not prohibit democracy.